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  Employee motivation is the "psychological forces that determine the direction of a person's behavior in an organization, a person's level of effort and a person's level of persistence. Motivating employees can be one of biggest challenges as an employer, but learning how to inspire each individual is the key to a successful organization. This assignment is based on Employee motivation.
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  • 1. MOTIVATION OF EMPLOYEES
  • 2. Requirements  Description of topic: Engaging and motivating employees is at the centre of Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) practices. It is therefore important to identify the organisational practices that can be used to foster the cognitive, emotional and behavioural qualities that will positively impact on employees and enhance their motivation.  Directions: To understand what motivates people to work is essential to this assignment. The focus of the assignment is to identify the motivational theories, the characteristics of a positive work environment and the HR practices that positively influence affective processes (e.g. motivation, commitment, job satisfaction, wellbeing) and behavioural processes (e.g. effort, reduced turnover and absenteeism) For more information :https://myassignmenthelp.com/answers/business-technology-and-knowledge- management/strategic-human-resource-management-engaging-and-motivating-employees- is-at-the-centre-of-strategic-human-.html
  • 3. Requirements  Assignment information: To complete this assignment successfully students are required to: Identify the key motivational theories and discuss which of the theories strongly influences employees’ affective processes and behavioural processes. Describe the characteristics of a positive work environment and discuss how HR designs jobs to motivate employees. Discuss the synthesis of Hackman and Oldham’s (1976) job characteristics and employees’ psychological states in relation to work outcomes, such as intrinsic work motivation, job satisfaction, and high quality work performance. Discuss the possible relationship between Maslow’s general components and job characteristics in view of engaging and motivating employees in organisations. Use appropriate theories to support your arguments. Your assignment must be in essay format. However, some headings are acceptable. The assignment should be supported by ten (10) to fifteen (15) credible references. For more information :https://myassignmenthelp.com/answers/business-technology-and-knowledge- management/strategic-human-resource-management-engaging-and-motivating-employees- is-at-the-centre-of-strategic-human-.html
  • 4. MOTIVATIONAL THEORIES-  Common motivators: achievement and recognition, responsibility.  Maslow’s need hierarchy: five needs, namely physiological, safety, esteem, self-actualization as well as social security.  Alderfer’s ERG theory : existence, growth, relatedness.  McClelland’s acquired needs theory : need for achievement, power and affiliation. For more information :https://myassignmenthelp.com/answers/business-technology-and-knowledge- management/strategic-human-resource-management-engaging-and-motivating-employees- is-at-the-centre-of-strategic-human-.html
  • 5. CHARACTERISTICS AND FEATURES OF A POSITIVE WORKPLACE  Transparent as well as open communication  Work-Life Balance  Training plus development-focused  Recognition for the hard work  Strong and tough team Spirit  Positive Values For more information :https://myassignmenthelp.com/answers/business-technology-and-knowledge- management/strategic-human-resource-management-engaging-and-motivating-employees- is-at-the-centre-of-strategic-human-.html
  • 6. HOW HUMAN RESOURCE DESIGNS JOBS TO MOTIVATE EMPLOYEES  Job enlargement: providing workers with more and more difficult jobs, along with much more power and responsibility.  Job enrichment: HRs design jobs in such a way that the workers have more control over the jobs that they perform. For more information :https://myassignmenthelp.com/answers/business-technology-and-knowledge- management/strategic-human-resource-management-engaging-and-motivating-employees- is-at-the-centre-of-strategic-human-.html
  • 7. SYNTHESIS OF HACKMAN AND OLDHAM’S  Work Outcomes: job satisfaction, work motivation and absenteeism.  Intrinsic work motivation: Job characteristics are expected to increase the motivation towards work.  High quality performance of work: Motivation towards work will no doubt raise the quality of the work performed by an employee. For more information :https://myassignmenthelp.com/answers/business-technology-and-knowledge- management/strategic-human-resource-management-engaging-and-motivating-employees- is-at-the-centre-of-strategic-human-.html
  • 8. RELATION AMID MASLOW’S COMPONENTS PLUS JOB CHARACTERISTICS  Maslow’s hierarchy of need actually is a very sequential pact of needs.  Interrelated to Hackman & Oldham’s theory.  Points out the requirements of the staff, on the fulfillment of which they would be motivated towards performing their tasks.  Five job characteristics to fulfill the needs of the employees: optimistic significance, autonomy, skill variety, task identity and/ or feedback. For more information :https://myassignmenthelp.com/answers/business-technology-and-knowledge- management/strategic-human-resource-management-engaging-and-motivating-employees- is-at-the-centre-of-strategic-human-.html
  • 9. Thank You
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