HKBU POLS 3620, Family relation between China and Western Europe by Lai Hoi-ying (06013651) and Luk Yuen-ki (06018351)

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  1. Lai Hoi-ying, Hidy 06013651 Luk Yuen-ki, Karen 06018351 2. <ul><li>Behavioral, psychological & social relations among various members of the nuclear…
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  • 1. Lai Hoi-ying, Hidy 06013651 Luk Yuen-ki, Karen 06018351
  • 2. <ul><li>Behavioral, psychological & social relations among various members of the nuclear family & the extended family </li></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>“ Family as the centre of origin” ( 以家為本) </li></ul><ul><li>Family interest as the first priority </li></ul><ul><li>Western Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Individual as the centre of origin </li></ul><ul><li>Individual interest as the first priority </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>Family size </li></ul><ul><li>Family structure </li></ul><ul><li>Parents’ role and status in the family </li></ul><ul><li>Relations outside nuclear family </li></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Bigger </li></ul><ul><li>More family members, e.g. more children, more generations </li></ul><ul><li>Western Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively less family members </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to reach compromises through discussion (∵big family) </li></ul><ul><li>Father: the only decision-making body </li></ul><ul><li>Distant relationship between members </li></ul><ul><li>Closer relationship </li></ul><ul><li>between members </li></ul><ul><li>(nuclear family) </li></ul><ul><li>More open communication </li></ul><ul><li>More discussion and negotiation </li></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Normal family: Father + mother + Children </li></ul><ul><li>Tend not to divorce </li></ul><ul><li>Western Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Higher divorce rate </li></ul><ul><li>Family formed by different components </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Single parent, Stepfather/ stepmother, recomposed family </li></ul><ul><li>More stable and simpler relation </li></ul><ul><li>More complicated relation </li></ul>
  • 8. 1: “Divorce is never justifiable” 10: “Divorce is always justifiable”
  • 9. <ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Father works outside, Mother stays at home and looks after children ( 男主外,女主內) </li></ul><ul><li>Father: authoritative </li></ul><ul><li>Mother: auxiliary ( 輔助 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Unequal status: inclined to one-side </li></ul><ul><li>Less discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Western Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Both father and mother work </li></ul><ul><li>Friendly relation </li></ul><ul><li>Equal status: bilateral </li></ul><ul><li>Based on communication & negotiation </li></ul>
  • 10. <ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Better linkage with extended family (relatives) </li></ul><ul><li>Precedence maintenance between seniors and juniors( 長幼有序 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasize on appellation( 稱謂 ) </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. different and clear appellation for relatives from father-side ( 伯 、叔、姑姐 ) and mother-side ( 舅、姨 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Western Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Less linkage with extended family </li></ul><ul><li>Relation constrained more in nuclear family </li></ul><ul><li>Less emphasize on appellation </li></ul><ul><li>More casual </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. auntie, uncle </li></ul>
  • 12. <ul><li>Western Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Well-developed social welfare policy </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. pension, medical care </li></ul><ul><li>State supports the elderly </li></ul><ul><li>Individual as the centre of origin </li></ul><ul><li>When the children grow up  support their next generation </li></ul><ul><li>Little support to their parents </li></ul><ul><li>Parents  children </li></ul>
  • 13. <ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Under-developed social welfare policy </li></ul><ul><li>Family as the centre of origin </li></ul><ul><li>Children think they have the obligation and should support their parents </li></ul><ul><li>Parent < - > Children ( 反哺 ) </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. HK: regular financial contribution ( 家用 ) to parents </li></ul>
  • 14. <ul><li>Control the number of children in the nuclear family </li></ul><ul><li>Change the role of parents </li></ul><ul><li>Father: less authoritative, concern more on the child, more communication </li></ul><ul><li>Some parents even dote on their child, satisfy all desires of the child </li></ul><ul><li>Child: “little emperor” in the family </li></ul>
  • 15. <ul><li>14/03/2007 青 島 11 歲 女 童 因 母 親 不 肯 買 裙 , </li></ul><ul><li>危 坐 窗 台 威 脅 要 跳 樓 </li></ul><ul><li>14/03/2007 長 春 3 歲 男 童 被 父 母 縱 容 每 </li></ul><ul><li>玩 電 腦 遊 戲 逾 三 小 時 , 導 致 300 度 大 近 視 </li></ul><ul><li>01/03/2007 吉 林 梅 河 口 市 7 歲 男 童 因 母 親 </li></ul><ul><li>動 用 他 的 利 是 錢 , 用 燒 紅 的 鐵 枝 燙 傷 母 親 </li></ul><ul><li>右 腿 </li></ul><ul><li>20/02/2007 湖 南 益 陽 9 歲 男 童 沉 迷 玩 煙 花 ,被 </li></ul><ul><li>母 親 責 備 「 你 怎 麼 不 懂 節 制 ! 」 憤 而 從 二 </li></ul><ul><li>樓 住 所 跳 下 </li></ul><ul><li>05/02/2007 湖 南 長 沙 11 歲 男 童 問 67 歲 拿 一 塊 </li></ul><ul><li>錢 買 鞭 炮 不 果 , 將 關 在 門 外 捱 凍 四 小 時 </li></ul>
  • 16. <ul><li>China: Relation based on Family </li></ul><ul><li>Europe: Relation based on Individual </li></ul><ul><li>China: concern more on vertical (ancestors) and horizontal (relatives) relation </li></ul><ul><li>Europe: concern more on nuclear family </li></ul><ul><li>Social policies/ changes affect family relation in China and Europe </li></ul>
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