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  1. Rates and Ranks Study GuideCadet Field Manual Chapter 2 pages 2-1 through 2-11; Appendix 3 and Cadet Reference Manual pages 11 through 17 1. A perched eagle and two…
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  • 1. Rates and Ranks Study GuideCadet Field Manual Chapter 2 pages 2-1 through 2-11; Appendix 3 and Cadet Reference Manual pages 11 through 17 1. A perched eagle and two stars over a fouled anchor denote a Cadet Master Chief Petty Officer. 2. An active duty USN Captain is designated by a collar device of silver eagle with wings spread. 3. USMC pay grade E-3 is the title of Lance Corporal. 4. Students who are entering the NJROTC program for the first time are most often assigned the grade of Cadet Seaman Recruit. 5. The Seaman rate has a collar device consisting of three silver diagonal stripes. 6. A perched eagle over three chevrons denotes Cadet Petty Officer First Class. 7. An active duty USMC Second Lieutenant is designated by a collar device of one gold bar. 8. A chevron on a collar device looks like the letter V. 9. USMC pay grade E-6 is the title of Staff Sergeant.10. An active duty USN Commander is designated by a collar device of silver oak leaf.11. A cadet Ensign is designated by a collar device of one gold bar.12. A cadet Lieutenant Commander is designated by a collar device of four attached gold bars.13. A perched eagle over a fouled anchor denotes a Cadet Chief Petty Officer.14. A perched eagle over one chevron denotes a Cadet Petty Officer Third Class.15. USMC pay grade E-5 is the title of Sergeant.16. An active duty USMC First Lieutenant is designated by a collar device of one silver bar.17. An active duty USN Admiral has 4 stars on his collar insignia.18. An active duty USN Lieutenant is designated by a collar device of two silver bars.19. An active duty USMC Captain is designated by a collar device of two silver bars.20. A Cadet Captain is the highest rank that can be attained by a cadet in NJROTC.21. USMC pay grade E-9 is the title of Master Gunnery Sergeant and a Sergeant Major.22. A Cadet Seaman Recruit is a rate in NJROTC with no collar device23. The Seaman Apprentice rate has a collar device consisting of two silver diagonal stripes.24. A cadet Lieutenant (Junior Grade) is designated by a collar device of two gold bars.25. A cadet Commander is designated by a collar device of five attached gold bars.26. An active duty USN Rear Admiral (Upper Half) has two stars on his collar insignia.27. USMC pay grade E-7 is the title of Gunnery Sergeant28. An active duty USN Lieutenant Commander is designated by a collar device of gold oak leaf.29. A perched eagle over two chevrons denotes a Cadet Petty Officer Second Class.30. An active duty USMC Lieutenant Colonel is designated by a collar device of a silver oak leaf.31. A perched eagle and a star over a fouled anchor denote a Cadet Senior Chief Petty Officer.32. An active duty USN Ensign is designated by a collar device of one gold bar.33. USMC pay grade E-8 is the title of First Sergeant and a Master Sergeant.34. A cadet Lieutenant is designated by a collar device of three attached gold bars.35. An active duty USMC Colonel is designated by a collar device of silver eagle with wings spread.36. USN pay grade E-5 is the title of Petty Officer Second Class.37. An active duty USMC General has 4 stars on his collar insignia.38. USN pay grade E-6 is the title of Petty Officer First Class.39. An active duty USN Lieutenant (Junior Grade) is designated by a collar device of one silver bar.40. An active duty USMC Major General has two stars on his collar insignia.41. USMC pay grade E-1 is the title of Private.42. An active duty USMC Lieutenant General has 3 stars on his collar insignia.43. An active duty USN Vice Admiral has 3 stars on his collar insignia.44. USN pay grade E-1 is the title of Seaman Recruit.45. An active duty USMC Major is designated by a collar device of gold oak leaf.46. USMC pay grade E-2 is the title of Private First Class.47. An active duty USN Rear Admiral (Lower Half) has one star on his collar insignia.48. USN pay grade E-2 is the title of Seaman Apprentice.49. An active duty USMC Brigadier General has one star on his collar insignia.50. USN pay grade E-3 is the title of Seaman. Introduction to Drill Study Guide Cadet Field Manual Chapter 1 & 2 pages DM-1 through DM-30 1. When marching and the command, "Left Oblique, MARCH" is given, the command of execution is given as the Left foot strikes the deck, then the command to follow is "Front, MARCH", the command of execution is given as the right foot strikes the deck.
  • 2. 2. In NJROTC the purpose of a Training Time Out (TTO) is an appropriate means for a cadet to obtain relief if he/she is experiencing discomfort during the training exercise. 3. The purpose of quick time is to march at 112 to 120 steps per minute, normally taking 30-inch steps. 4. A file is a formation in which persons are placed one behind the other. 5. When marching and the command, "Close, MARCH" is given, the command of execution is given as the right foot strikes the deck, then the command to extend is "Extend, MARCH", the command of execution is given as the left foot strikes the deck. 6. The steps in military drill that are 15 inches in length are half step and back step. 7. The 40-inch "distance" in military drill refers to the space between the chest of one cadet and the back of the cadet ahead. 8. The term "formation" in military drill refers to an arrangement of elements of a unit "in line" or "in column." 9. When marching and the command, "By The Right Flank, MARCH" the preparatory command, "By the Right Flank," is given as the right foot strikes the deck, the command of execution "MARCH" is given as the right foot strikes the deck.10. A formation in which the persons are abreast of (side by side) each other is called a rank.11. The three types of commands in military drill are preparatory, command of execution, & supplemental12. The best way to develop a command voice is to practice.13. When marching in the "Right Oblique" and the command, "Forward, MARCH" is given, the preparatory command, "Forward," is given as the right foot strikes the deck, the command of execution "MARCH" is given as the left foot strikes the deck.14. The command "Column Half Right (Left), MARCH" requires a turn of 45 degrees.15. The term "element" in military drill refers to any unit which is part of a larger unit.16. The lateral distance measured between individuals from shoulder to shoulder, on the same line is called Interval.17. When marching and the command, "To the Rear, MARCH" the preparatory command, "To the Rear," is given as the left foot strikes the deck, the command of execution "MARCH" is given as the right foot strikes the deck.18. The steps in military drill that are 12 inches in length are right step and left step.19. At double time marching you are taking 36- inch steps, at 180 steps per minute.20. When marching and the command, "Column Half Left, MARCH" the preparatory command, "Column Half Left," is given as the left foot strikes the deck, the command of execution "MARCH" is given as the left foot strikes the deck.21. The command, "AS YOU WERE," cancels a movement or order started but not completed.22. When marching and the command, "Column Left, MARCH" the preparatory command, "Column Left," is given as the right foot strikes the deck, the command of execution "MARCH" is given as the left foot strikes the deck.23. Slow time cadence is used at Funerals.24. In the Cadet Field Manual the preparatory commands are shown beginning with a capital letter followed by lower case letters, all letters in bold.25. When marching and the command, "Right Turn, MARCH" the preparatory command, "Right Turn," is given as the left foot strikes the deck, the command of execution "MARCH" is given as the right foot strikes the deck. Military Customs, Courtesies, Etiquette and Ceremonies Study Guide Cadet Field Manual Chapter 3 pages 3-1 through 3-14 1. Street parades are organized and directed by a person designated as the Grand Marshall. 2. When you are in uniform and outdoors and you hear the National Anthem played and the flag is not visible, you Stand at attention, face the music and render a salute. 3. If four services (Navy, Marine, Air Force and Army) are participating jointly in an NJROTC units review, the order of march is Army, Marine, Navy and Air Force. 4. There are 31 words in the pledge of allegiance. 5. It is the universal custom to display the United States flag sunrise to sunset. 6. On Memorial Day the flag is flown at half-mast until noon. 7. When attending an outdoor event in uniform and the U.S. flag is escorted past you, you render a hand salute when the flag is 6 paces from you 8. The National Ensign may be displayed twenty-four hours a day when properly illuminated during the hours of darkness. 9. When the Ensign is to be flown at half-staff the proper procedure that must be followed is to first hoist the Ensign to the peak and then lower it to the half-mast position. 10. Indivisible is the word in the pledge of allegiance that says that our country is incapable of being divided during troublesome times.
  • 3. 11. After the reviewing officer has taken his/her position in the reviewing area and the cadets are at attention, the commander of troops commands "Pass in Review".12. Courtesies is a traditional way by which salutes to ships, to high ranking individuals, and to nations are carried out.13. The term "half-staff" means the position of the flag is half the distance between the peak and bottom of the staff.14. Reveille is the signal for the start of the official duty day.15. Military formations never recite the Pledge of Allegiance.16. The words of the pledge of allegiance that describes a body of people associated with a particular territory, who are conscious of their unity is One Nation.17. The salute is held until the last note of the national anthem is played.18. The flag is flown at half-mast to honor and pay respect to deceased persons of national importance.19. The position of a flag when it is flown at "Half-Staff" is one-half the distance between the top and the bottom of the staff.20. A signal for the end of a duty day; also serves as a ceremony for paying respect to the flag is Retreat.21. Our flag is our companion around the world. The flag should be displayed on all days. The flag is a living thing. There is magic in its folds.22. The preferred method of destroying a flag unfit for public display is burning.23. The flag and the national anthem are symbols of all the people, their land, and their institutions.24. The U.S. flag can be displayed twenty-four hours a day when properly illuminated during the hours of darkness.25. On a military base, at the first note of the national anthem, all vehicles/passengers should come to a complete stop, then sit quietly until last note is played.26. Cadets look upon participation in a parade, especially in the civilian community, as an important part of their training because it brings credit to their school and unit27. The senior officer taking part in a ceremony is referred to as the Commander of Troops.28. The second in command during a review is the Adjutant.29. If Marine and Navy units are participating jointly in an NROTC units review, the Marine units are placed ahead of the Navy units.30. If three services (Navy, Marine, Army,) are participating jointly in an NROTC units review, the order of march is Army, Marine Corps, and Navy.31. The line on which the cadets are to form and along which they are to march in the review area is marked out by the host organization for the review.32. When performing a Pass in Review, the platoon commander executes eyes right when the platoon is 6 paces from the nearest member of the reviewing party.33. A military review consists of 4 parts.34. The formal part of a review during which an inspection is made is called Trooping the Line.35. When indoors and the national anthem or “to the Colors” is played, face the flag and take the position of attention and place your hand over your heart.36. There is no requirement for a person to stand or salute for ceremonies broadcast over radio or television.37. In military formations and ceremonies, the Pledge of Allegiance shall not be recited.38. Reciting the Pledge of Allegiance is optional for military personnel when indoors.39. Retreat signals the END of the official duty day and also serves as a ceremony for paying respect to the flag.40. A bugle call, “To the Colors” can be used instead of the National Anthem and is given the same respect as the National Anthem.41. The four parts of a review are (1) Formation of the unit; (2) Presentation and honors; (3) Inspection (trooping the line); and (4) March in review.42. Our flag signifies a people dedicated to liberty, justice, and freedom for all.43. After saluting the Reviewing Officer while marching in review, the Commander of the Troops and staff turn out of column and take a position on line with and to the right of the Reviewing Officer.44. The Grand Marshal may lead the parade the entire distance or may review the parade from a location along the parade route.45. When in uniform, do not salute flags on stationary flagstaffs except during reveille and retreat.46. The flag should not be displayed on days when the weather is inclement, except when an all weather flag is displayed.47. Formations for ceremonies may be modified by commanding officers when the nature of the grounds or exceptional circumstances require such changes.48. The line on which the cadets are to form and along which they are to march is marked out by the host organization for the review.
  • 4. Squad Drill Study Guide Cadet Field Manual Chapter 7 pages DM-99 through DM-109 1. When marching at quick time, on the command of "By the right Flank, MARCH.", on the command of execution "MARCH," everyone takes one more 30-inch steps to the front and then pivots 90 degrees to the right stepping out on the pivot. 2. If the Squad executes a back step, the unit leader, who is facing the squad, would execute a half step. 3. When executing "To the Rear, MARCH" when at quick time take one more step on the command of execution and pivot on both feet at the same time. 4. When executing a left or a right "oblique" movement, turn 45 degrees to the right or left are the cadets turning simultaneously. 5. On the command "Close, March" squad members lower their hands for the close interval dress right dress position as soon as the person to their left has touched his/her elbow. 6. When the command "Column Right (Left), MARCH" is given the leading cadet takes One full step before pivoting on the ball of the right (left) foot. 7. "Dress Right, DRESS" is the command given to align a squad at normal interval. 8. "FALL IN" is the command given to form the squad. 9. A Squad is a group of 8- 12 individuals formed for the purpose of instruction, discipline, control, and order.10. When the Squad is armed with rifles, "Trail, ARMS" is the command given or executed automatically, when moving short distances.11. If the Squad executes a right step, the unit leader, who is facing the squad, would execute a left step.12. The unit leader must maintain proper distance (3 paces) from the Squad and remain centered on the Squad during all drill movements.13. Size the Squad Tallest to the shortest with the squad leader first.14. If the Squad is armed and a report is to be taken, the weapons will be inspected immediately following the report with the following commands: "Inspection, ARMS;" "Port, ARMS;" and "Order, ARMS"15. The command is "At Close Interval, Dress Left DRESS," everyone except the individual on the left flank smartly turn their heads to the left, look, and align themselves. At the same time they will smartly raise their left elbow to provide interval.16. The command is "Close, MARCH." The purpose of this movement is to close the interval between individuals of a Squad in line to 4 inches17. The squad leader teaches the squad to march in the oblique by having the squad members face half right/left after their initial alignment.18. For slight changes of direction, the command is “Incline to the Right / Left”.19. On the command "Close, March" the unit leader faces left in marching and marches parallel to the squad, stops when centered and faces the squad.20. The command to temporarily halt the squad in the oblique is "In Place, Halt".21. The command of execution for “To The Rear, MARCH” is given on the right foot.22. After verifying the alignment of the squad, the unit leader faces right in marching, marches to a point 3 paces beyond the squad and then faces to the left and commands, "Ready, FRONT".23. The normal formation for a squad is a single rank (Squad in line) or a single file (Squad in column).24. On the command "Dress, Left, Dress" the squad members raise their left arm and look to the left.25. On the command "Dress, Right, Dress" The squad leader continues to look straight ahead.26. After verifying the alignment of the squad, the unit leader faces right in marching, marches straight to a point 3 paces beyond the squad, halts, faces to the left and commands, "Ready, FRONT".27. On the command, "Ready, FRONT" the unit leader Marches by the most direct route to a post 3 paces front and centered on the squad.28. On the command "Close March" the squad leader puts his/her left hand on his/her hip.29. When sizing the squad for a parade or ceremony, the first member of the squad is the tallest squad member.30. A squad, not at drill, may be marched in column of twos.31. When marching at double time, on the command of "By the right Flank, MARCH.", on the command of execution "MARCH," everyone takes 2 more 36-inch steps and then two, 6-inch vertical steps in place at double time cadence. While stepping in place, everyone turns 90 degrees toward the direction commanded and then steps off in the new direction.32. If the squad is armed, members fall in with weapons at the position of order arms.33. When aligning a squad of well-drilled troops or when there is insufficient time to verify alignment, the unit leader may command “Ready, Front” from his/her normal position (3 paces and centered), without having verified alignment.34. The squad is dismissed only from a line with individuals at attention.35. Unarmed Squads are dismissed with the command “Dismissed”.
  • 5. 36. In line, the command is “Count, Off”. At the command “Off,” everyone except the squad leader, turn their heads 90 degrees over the shoulder and look to the right. The Squad leaders shout ONE. The person in the file to the left of the squad leaders turns his/her head smartly back to the front and at the same time shouts TWO, etc.37. In column, on the command “From Front to Rear, Count, Off,” the squad leader smartly turns his/her head to the right 90 degrees over the shoulder and shouts ONE as the head is turned back to the front.38. At the command “Right Oblique, March” the command of execution is given as the right foot strikes the deck.39. For the squad to resume marking in the original direction after the command “Right Oblique, March” the command if “Forward, March”.40. “By the Right/Left Flank March” may be executed from any formation that is marching at quick time or double time cadence.41. When given half step or mark time while marching in the oblique, the only commands that may be given are “Resume, March” or “In Place, Halt”.42. The command of execution for “To the Rear, March” is given as the right foot strikes the deck.43. Whe
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