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  1. CHAPTER 1 Navy Ships 1 2. The Mission of Navy Ships The purpose of Navy ships is to carry out the military strategy of the 2 United States. 3. Strategy A country’s…
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  • 1. CHAPTER 1 Navy Ships 1
  • 2. The Mission of Navy Ships The purpose of Navy ships is to carry out the military strategy of the 2 United States.
  • 3. Strategy A country’s top-level political and military plan 3
  • 4. National Military Strategy of the United States includes three concepts: • Peacetime Engagement • Deterrence and Conflict Prevention • Fight and Win 4
  • 5. Peacetime Engagement We deploy our forces overseas and around the world in peacetime to promote economic and political stability. 5
  • 6. Stability Steadiness or order in the international or political realm 6
  • 7. The presence of American ships encourages free trade and peaceful connections among nations by ensuring the security of the seas. 7
  • 8. Deterrence is placing combat power where it cannot be ignored so a potential enemy is less likely to become hostile for fear of reprisal. • Key goal of our military forces • Discourage and stop acts of aggression 8
  • 9. Deterrence Prevention of war by instilling fear in political enemies 9
  • 10. Trivia: “Si vis pacem, para bellum.”— a Latin adage used by the Romans meaning, “If you seek peace, prepare for war.” 10
  • 11. FIGHT and WIN “Fight and Win” underlies all military force efforts to be combat ready at all times by maintaining a permanent state of readiness. 11
  • 12. Which of these concepts is NOT one of the three elements of US national military strategy? A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win 12
  • 13. Which of these concepts is NOT one of the three elements of US national military strategy? A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win 13
  • 14. What element of national military strategy is carried out when US forces maintain a permanent state of readiness for any and all forms of hostile action? A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win 14
  • 15. What element of national military strategy is carried out when US forces maintain a permanent state of readiness for any and all forms of hostile action? A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win 15
  • 16. The Navy’s Mission To maintain, train, and equip combat-ready naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression, and maintaining 16 freedom of the seas
  • 17. Projection of Strategic Deterrence Power Ashore 17 Sea Control Naval Presence
  • 18. Strategic Referring to a country’s long- range weapons or plans—the big picture 18
  • 19. Strategic Deterrence The object is to convince an enemy 19 that an attack has unacceptable risk.
  • 20. The Navy's strategic missile submarine force is the best example of this deterrence. Nuclear powered Covert for months Fast & maneuverable Multiple targeting 20
  • 21. What element of national military strategy is carried out when US forces place combat power where it cannot be ignored, making a potential enemy less likely to become hostile? A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win 21
  • 22. What element of national military strategy is carried out when US forces place combat power where it cannot be ignored, making a potential enemy less likely to become hostile? A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win 22
  • 23. Sea Control • Control use of the seas for the United States and our allies. • Deny use of the seas to a 23 potential enemy.
  • 24. Operation anaconda during the Civil War was a good example of sea control: The Union blockaded Southern ports to prevent trade with Europe. 24
  • 25. Projection of Power Ashore The ability to deploy Naval Forces to carry the fight to a potential enemy Tomahawk missiles Tactical aircraft 25
  • 26. Tactical Referring to short-range weapons or to assets used in support of ground forces 26
  • 27. Trivia: Since the signing of the Declaration of Independence, the United States has only had an enemy force land on its soil only three times: • Entire Revolutionary War • War of 1812 • World War II—Attu & Kiska in the Aleutian Islands 27
  • 28. Naval Presence The Navy's ability to show the flag around the world on the open seas as a show of force, ranging from silent threat to humanitarian assistance. The U.S. Navy keeps the seas free and ensures compliance with international law of the sea. 28
  • 29. Humanitarian Referring to help , such as assistance to disaster victims, given individuals in need without regard to military or political concerns 29
  • 30. What term is used for using the seas to take the fight into the borders of a potential enemy, thus keeping the enemy away from US shores? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control 30
  • 31. What term is used for using the seas to take the fight into the borders of a potential enemy, thus keeping the enemy away from US shores? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control 31
  • 32. Ship Terminology The Navy has a lot of specialized 32 lingo, for military and nautical terms.
  • 33. Civilian Language vs. Navy Language Upstairs Topside Downstairs Below Floor Deck Ceiling Overhead Wall Bulkhead Hallway Passageway Bathroom Head 33
  • 34. Directions on board a ship BOW AFT STERN FORE Crosswise is athwartships. 34
  • 35. If you are on the stern of a ship and want to go towards the bow, then you would be going forward. 35
  • 36. If you are on the bow of a ship and want to go towards the stern, then you would be going aft. 36
  • 37. Gun Mount Forward Anchor The ANCHOR on a ship is forward of the GUN MOUNT. 37
  • 38. Fantail Flight Deck The FANTAIL on a ship, is abaft of the FLIGHT DECK. 38
  • 39. Overhead Carrier Drawing The yellow line represents the CENTERLINE. From aft to forward (stern to bow), Starboard is on your RIGHT and Port Starboard Port is on your LEFT. (Right) (Left) Fixtures and equipment are identified in terms of the side of the ship they are on, i.e. port anchor or starboard 39 gangway.
  • 40. If you go from the PORT side or STARBOARD side to the CENTERLINE, you are going INBOARD. 40
  • 41. If you go from the CENTERLINE to the STARBOARD side or PORT side, you are going OUTBOARD. 41
  • 42. The section around the midpoint area is called amidships. The extreme width of a ship, usually the midship area, is its beam. 42
  • 43. What phrase means to move toward the stern? A. Go forward B. Go aft C. Go abaft D. Go outboard 43
  • 44. What phrase means to move toward the stern? A. Go forward B. Go aft C. Go abaft D. Go outboard 44
  • 45. In ship terminology, what is a bulkhead? A. Floor B. Hallway C. Ceiling D. Wall 45
  • 46. In ship terminology, what is a bulkhead? A. Floor B. Hallway C. Ceiling D. Wall 46
  • 47. The crew of a ship lives IN or ON BOARD the ship. Objects, stores, and equipment are ABOARD a ship. You BOARD a ship or GO ON BOARD, supplies are TAKEN ABOARD If you climb the mast, stacks, rigging, or any other area above the highest solid structure, you go ALOFT. 47
  • 48. An object hanging against the side, bow, or stern is over the side, bow, or stern. In this picture the fishing nets are 48 over the side.
  • 49. Ship A is off the starboard quarter of Ship B. Ship A Ship B 49
  • 50. The USS Benefold is ahead of the USS Shoup and astern of the USS Shiloh USS Shoup DDG 86 USS Benefold DDG 65 50 USS Shiloh CG 67
  • 51. The cook is in the GALLEY, not the kitchen. 51
  • 52. Supplies and equipment are taken _______ a ship. A. aboard B. inboard C. on board D. on 52
  • 53. Supplies and equipment are taken _______ a ship. A. aboard B. inboard C. on board D. on 53
  • 54. Structural Terms 54
  • 55. 55 Backbone of a ship
  • 56. Compartment 56 Supporting body of a ship
  • 57. Vertical walls called bulkheads divide the interior of a ship’s hull into compartments for machinery, berthing, mess or dining purposes, and other purposes. 57
  • 58. 58
  • 59. Hull 59 Ribs of a ship
  • 60. 60
  • 61. BULKHEAD WATERTIGHT COMPARTMENT 61
  • 62. Large ships have longitudinal side bulkheads to protect the innermost or holding bulkhead. 62
  • 63. The outer tanks are usually filled with oil or water. The inner tanks, called voids, are empty. Outer tanks Inner tanks 63
  • 64. If a torpedo were to hit the ship, the outer tanks, even though ruptured, would absorb enough of the explosion that the holding bulkhead would stay intact. 64
  • 65. WATERLINE 65
  • 66. DRAFT The red area on the model represents the ship's draft, the vertical distance from the bottom of the keel to the main deck. 66
  • 67. The freeboard is the distance from the waterline to the main deck. FREEBOARD 67
  • 68. The backbone of the ship is the _______. A. bow B. hull C. beam D. keel 68
  • 69. The backbone of the ship is the _______. A. bow B. hull C. beam D. keel 69
  • 70. In the Navy, what direction means across the ship? A. Abaft B. Athwartships C. Fore D. Aft 70
  • 71. In the Navy, what direction means across the ship? A. Abaft B. Athwartships C. Fore D. Aft 71
  • 72. DECKS DECKS The floors of a ship are called decks. They divide the ship into layers and provide additional hull strength and 72 protection for internal spaces.
  • 73. Berthing Compartment Mess Deck Generally speaking, you do not use the word room (with some exceptions like wardroom). For instance, you never refer to the space where you sleep as the bedroom nor where you eat as the dining room. These spaces are called the berthing 73 compartment and the mess deck.
  • 74. WEATHER DECK A deck or part of a deck exposed to the 74 weather is called a WEATHER DECK.
  • 75. A deck that extends from side to side and bow to stern is the complete FLIGHT DECK deck. On an aircraft carrier, the uppermost 75 complete deck is the FLIGHT DECK.
  • 76. For all ships except an aircraft carrier, the uppermost complete deck is the main deck. Main Deck 76
  • 77. On an aircraft carrier, the hangar deck is the main deck. The hangar deck is where aircraft are stowed and serviced when not on the flight deck. 77
  • 78. A deck exposed to the elements, such as rain and wind, is called the _______. A. weather deck B. forecastle C. main deck D. poop deck 78
  • 79. A deck exposed to the elements, such as rain and wind, is called the _______. A. weather deck B. forecastle C. main deck D. poop deck 79
  • 80. Ladders lead from one deck level to another; they may or may not be 80 covered by hatches.
  • 81. FOCSLE Forecastle (focsle) (pronounced folk'sel)—on most ships, the forward portion of the weather deck Poop Deck—a partial deck above the main deck all the way aft 81
  • 82. Quarterdeck (not an actual deck)—an area the Commanding Officer designates for conducting official functions while in port or at anchorage and where the officer of the deck is stationed 82
  • 83. Door and Hatches Access through bulkheads is provided 83 by doors and through decks by hatches.
  • 84. DOGS All doors leading to weather decks are of the watertight variety. The doors are held closed by fittings called dogs, which bear 84 up tight on wedges.
  • 85. Which of these objects give access through decks? A. doors B. dogs C. hatches D. voids 85
  • 86. Which of these objects give access through decks? A. doors B. dogs C. hatches D. voids 86
  • 87. Ship Size The size of a ship is given in terms of its displacement in tons. The Navy uses full-load displacement, the condition of the ship ready to deploy. USS Avenger (MCM 1) 87 DISPLACEMENT = 1,312 TONS
  • 88. Displacement The weight of the volume of water that a ship displaces when afloat; in other words, the weight of a ship by itself 88
  • 89. Ship Identification USS Nimitz (CVN 68) USS—United States Ship Nimitz—ship’s name CVN—nuclear-powered aircraft carrier 68—hull number indicating the number of ships of the same type that have been built 89
  • 90. USS Wright (CVL 49) A ship's hull (Aircraft Carrier Light) number never changes unless its designation also changes. USS Wright (CC 2) 90 (Command Ship)
  • 91. Armament and Armor Gun Mount Missile Launcher Armament describes the offensive 91 weapons a ship carries.
  • 92. Armor means protective armor. 92 Steel Plating
  • 93. SHIP SPEED Given in knots (nautical miles per hour), never knots per hour HSV 2 Swift • Length: 331 feet 4 inches • Beam: 87 feet 5 inches • Draft: 11 feet • Displace: 1,463.6 short tons • Speed: 42 knots 93
  • 94. What term refers to the offensive weapons on a ship, such as guns and rockets? A. Armaments B. Armor C. Combatants D. Martial platform 94
  • 95. What term refers to the offensive weapons on a ship, such as guns and rockets? A. Armaments B. Armor C. Combatants D. Martial platform 95
  • 96. Types Of Navy Ships The Navy divides ships into two categories: • Combatant Ships • Auxiliary Ships 96
  • 97. The Navy further classifies combatant ships as warships or other combatants. Warships include aircraft carriers, cruisers, destroyers, frigates, and submarines. Other combatants are Mine Warfare and Amphibious Ships. 97
  • 98. Types Of Warships Aircraft Carriers Two types: CVNs CVs The (CVs) are multipurpose carriers and the (CVNs) are multipurpose 98 carriers with nuclear propulsion.
  • 99. A carrier can launch attack planes, recover them and retire before an enemy spots it. Carriers are at the center of carrier battle groups. 99
  • 100. USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75) Nimitz-class CVNs Length: 1,090 + feet Displacement: 97,000 tons Crew: Approximately 6,000 with Air Wing 100 Can operate 85-90 aircraft almost indefinitely
  • 101. Nimitz-class CVNs They carry various defensive systems in addition to their aircraft such as the 20mm Phalanx Close-In Weapon System or (CIWS). 101
  • 102. —Angled flight deck to launch and recover simultaneously —Hydraulic elevators rapidly bring planes from the hanger deck to the flight deck. 102
  • 103. The modern carrier can carry out sustained operations with: • series of repair shops • parts and munitions compartments • fast fueling equipment • logistical capabilities of power plant and engines • massive size • speed of 30 + knots • sea-keeping ability 103
  • 104. "Where are the carriers?" Carriers support and operate aircraft that can carry out attacks on air, surface, subsurface and shore targets 104 that threaten free use of the sea.
  • 105. Carriers can also engage in sustained operations in support of other forces, such as search-and rescue, amphibious assaults, or troops already ashore. 105
  • 106. Aircraft carriers are deployed worldwide in support of U.S. interests and commitments. They are symbols of U.S. Naval supremacy. 106
  • 107. True or False: The two types of Navy ships are combatant and auxiliary. 107
  • 108. True or False: The two types of Navy ships are combatant and auxiliary. True 108
  • 109. What designation is used for a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier? A. CG B. CV C. CVN D. DDG 109
  • 110. What designation is used for a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier? A. CG B. CV C. CVN D. DDG 110
  • 111. Cruisers Cruisers (CGs) are the modern Navy’s primary surface warfare platform. They cruise at over 30 knots) and act as escorts for surface forces and fire support for amphibious 111 operations.
  • 112. Ticonderoga (CG 47) Class USS Philippine Sea (CG 58) They are designed to carry the Tomahawk cruise missile in addition to the two 5 inch gun mountings and dual-CIWSs to provide a heavy and sustained course of fire in the 112 event of attack.
  • 113. Ticonderoga (CG 47) Class USS Philippine Sea (CG 58) Length: 567 feet Displacement: 10,000 tons full load Speed: 30+ knots (34.5+ mph) Crew: 364 (24 officers, 340 enlisted) 113
  • 114. Using the Aegis system, Ticonderoga (CG 47) class cruisers can accurately deliver a payload on target from 200 miles away. USS Philippine Sea (CG 58) 114
  • 115. Modern U.S. Navy guided-missile cruisers perform primarily in a 115 battle force role.
  • 116. Cruisers are multi-mission surface combatants capable of: USS Port Royal (CG 73) • Anti-Air Warfare (AAW) • Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) • Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW) • Expeditionary Strike Groups (ESG) • amphibious forces • reconnaissance 116 • flagship for surface-action groups
  • 117. A Ticonderoga-class ship is a/an _______. A. cruiser B. aircraft carrier C. destroyer D. frigate 117
  • 118. A Ticonderoga-class ship is a/an _______. A. cruiser B. aircraft carrier C. destroyer D. frigate 118
  • 119. Destroyers Known as the “greyhounds of PT 174 the sea” for their speed, the world’s navies developed destroyers to counter the speed of torpedo boats. USS Sampson 119 (DDG 102) USS Halyer (DD 997)
  • 120. USS Mustin (DDG 89) Destroyers (DDs) and Guided-Missile Destroyers (DDGs) are multi purpose. Fast with a variety of armament but lightly Armored; displacement is 8,300-9,000 tons. Their real advantages are speed and mobility. 120
  • 121. Both types of destroyer support carrier battle groups, surface-action groups, amphibious-support groups, 121 and replenishment groups.
  • 122. USS FARRAGUT (DDG 99) Destroyers are undersea, air-air, air-surface warfare capable, and the largest group of workhorses for the Navy. 122
  • 123. Spruance-class Destroyers USS SPRUANCE (DD 963) 123
  • 124. Spruance-class Destroyers USS SPRUANCE (DD 963) • First commissioned –1975 • Gas-turbine propulsion • Easily replaceable • No warm-up required for operation • Displacement— 8,000+ tons • 5” guns + missiles 124 • Helicopters
  • 125. Arleigh Burke-class Destroyers USS Arleigh Burke (DDG 51) 125
  • 126. Arleigh Burke-class Destroyers • First commissioned –1991 • Most powerful surface combatant • Aegis Combat System • Integrates ships sensors and weapons • Tracks far distant aircraft movement • 56 Tomahawk cruise missiles 126 USS Arleigh Burke (DDG 51)
  • 127. Arleigh Burke-class destroyers displace 9,033 tons and are powered by four 33,600 hp gas-turbine engines turning two controlled-pitch propellers. USS Chung-Hoon (DDG 93) USS James E. Williams 127 (DDG 95)
  • 128. What designation is used for a guided- missile destroyer? A. CG B. CVN C. DD D. DDG 128
  • 129. What designation is used for a guided- missile destroyer? A. CG B. CVN C. DD D. DDG 129
  • 130. Frigates Navy’s term for ships used for open-ocean escort and patrol. USS Ingraham (FFG 61) Similar to destroyers except: • slower • single propeller • less armament 130 • shallower draft
  • 131. Frigates USS Ingraham (FFG 61) Different classes of frigates carry different armaments. 131
  • 132. Oliver Hazard Perry-class FFGs carry guns, missiles, Phalanx (CIWS), MK-32 triple torpedoes tubes, and .50 caliber machine guns. USS Oliver Hazard Perry (FFG 7) USS Antrim (FFG 20) 132 USS Jack Williams (FFG 24)
  • 133. USS Hawes (FFG 53) Frigates protect shipping interests for amphibious forces, supply groups, and merchant convoys. They are also used in anti-submarine warfare and coastal defense. 133
  • 134. Guided missile frigates
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